Arts & culture can change hearts and minds, and increase community capacity for political action
The UCSD-CASA Community Station is a public space that anchors a mixed-use affordable housing project in the U.S. border community of San Ysidro, with cultural, social and economic programming co-curated between UC San Diego and the community.
Location + Partnership
San Ysidro, San Diego, CA
The UCSD-CASA Community Station is located in the border neighborhood of San Ysidro, next to the busiest land crossing in the Western hemisphere and adjacent to the Tijuana River Estuary. 90% Latinx, with high unemployment, low median household income and dangerous air quality, the border neighborhood of San Ysidro is among the most marginalized neighborhoods in San Diego County.
The UCSD-CASA Community Station is a partnership with Casa Familiar, a robust 30 year-old community-based, social service organization, whose vision is to organize and empower the residents of San Ysidro and South San Diego to take an active role in the civic, environmental and quality of life issues affecting their region. Casa Familiar provides over forty programs spanning a variety of areas—from health and immigration services to job training and arts & culture, to address the vital economic and community development issues faced by residents in this border community.
Public Space as a Seed For Social Housing
For the past years, UCSD-CASA Community Station programming took place in various community spaces in San Ysidro owned and operated by Casa Familiar. The UCSD-CASA Community Station now lives inside of Casa Familiar’s new mixed-use social housing project called Living Rooms at the Border.
Designed by Estudio Teddy Cruz + Fonna Forman in partnership with Casa Familiar, and the support of Studio E Architects, the project was finalized in early 2020. Design and construction of Living Rooms at the Border was funded by the PARC Foundation and a grant from ArtPlace America, among other sources, and financial support from Civic San Diego, Capital Impact Partners and Citi Community Capital.
The UCSD-CASA Community Station was conceptualized as a parcel-size infrastructure made of cultural and social spaces, anchoring ten diverse units of affordable housing. It is a collection of small buildings: a community theater, social, immigration and health services, and an open-air civic classroom, led and managed by Casa Familiar and residents. The interface between programmed public space and social housing is essential to assure sustainability and inclusion.
Community Design Process
With a grant from ArtPlace America and programmatic support from the Blum Family Foundation and Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Center on Global Justice partnered with Casa Familiar to lead a community-based participatory design process to envision the social, cultural and economic programming of Living Rooms at the Border. UC San Diego researchers and students worked with Casa Familiar to lead design workshops that included community leaders, area residents and youth.
Urban Pedagogy for Neighborhood Advocacy
Inspired by the cultural strategies of critical pedagogy, educational programming at the UCSD-CASA Community Station focuses on pedagogical processes that increase public knowledge, and community capacity for political and environmental advocacy and action. UC San Diego researchers and students partner closely with community activists, promotoras, residents and especially youth, to assemble urban narratives of every-day life and other bottom-up urban data that are difficult to access through conventional university-based research methods. Ethnographic skills of building trust, listening, documenting, learning, and visualizing enable us to better understand the rich, rooted-knowledges of the community, and the challenges it faces. This knowledge then becomes evidence that we visualize, and disseminate culturally through arts and culture, as tools for public communication and policy advocacy. Arts & culture that can change hearts and minds in ways that hard data cannot.
For example, UC San Diego MFA student, Andrew Sturm, wanted to expose unjust air quality issues faced by communities located close to the border checkpoint, where hundreds of thousands of cars idle each week, sometimes for hours, as they wait to cross the border. He wanted to understand how the residents of San Ysidro experienced this injustice, and he invited them to share their stories. One resident introduced us to his backyard, where he had planted a lemon grove many years earlier. The fruits were covered in black silt from the polluted air. The Border Lemons Story became an important cultural strategy for mobilizing awareness of the air quality problem within the community as well as the institutions that govern air quality policy.
Cultural Components Are Key Parts of Mixed-Use Project, NBC News San Diego, January 17, 2019 https://www.nbcsandiego.com/news/local/El-Salon-Living-Rooms-at-the-Border-San-Ysidro-Mixed-Use-Project-504487091.html
“Breaking Ground on the Newest Community Station”, UC San Diego Chancellor’s Blog, January 8, 2019 https://chancellor.ucsd.edu/chancellor-khosla/blog/breaking-ground-on-the-newest-cross-border-community-station
“San Ysidro Celebrates New Mixed-Use Project”, Maria Castellanos, La Prensa, December 13, 2018 http://laprensa-sandiego.org/stories/san-ysidro-celebrates-new-mixed-use-project/
“Casa Familiar to break ground on San Ysidro mixed-use project,” San Diego Metro, Daily Business Report, San Diego Business Journal, December 11, 2018. http://www.sandiegometro.com/2018/12/daily-business-report-dec-11-2018/
“Small-scale affordable housing project keeps San Ysidro community in Mind”, David Hernandez, San Diego Union Tribune, August 23, 2018 https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/communities/south-county/sd-se-livingrooms-border-20180822-story.html
Abandoned church in San Ysidro to be turned into affordable housing, cultural center, ABC News San Diego, May 18, 2018 https://www.10news.com/news/abandoned-church-in-san-ysidro-to-be-turned-into-affordable-housing-cultural-center?fbclid=IwAR1ifAql3ow4vTzSrwRt6NuaQs8EAIq8CFYVsWHs3bSZgwOv_YpscFdLmrM
“Culture Report: Carving Out Community Space in San Ysidro,” Kinsee Morlan, Voice of San Diego, February 14, 2017 http://www.voiceofsandiego.org/topics/arts/culture-report-carving-out-community-space-in-san-ysidro/
Seoul Biennial of Architecture and Urbanism, Seoul, September 2019. http://www.seoulbiennale.org/www_2019/index.php
Nature’s Nation: American Art and Environment traveling exhibition: Crystal Bridges, Bentonville, Arkansas, 2019. https://crystalbridges.org/exhibitions/natures-nation/
Critical Care: Architecture and Urbanism for a Broken Planet, Architekturzentrum Wien, Vienna, April 2019 https://www.azw.at/en/event/critical-care-architektur-und-urbanismus-fuer-einen-planeten-in-der-krise/
Nature’s Nation: American Art and Environment, Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, September 2018. https://artmuseum.princeton.edu/art/exhibitions/2818
Small Scale, Big Change, Museum of Modern Art, NY, 2010.https://www.moma.org/interactives/exhibitions/2010/smallscalebigchange/projects/casa_familiar.html
Solo show, PARC Foundation, NY, 2008 http://www.theparcfoundation.org/exhibitions/5